The online lottery provides players with the convenience of buying tickets within seconds and playing from anywhere. You can purchase tickets right from your computer, tablet or smartphone. Top lottery sites are fully mobile-friendly. While these sites offer all major lotteries, they may not offer smaller games that are only available in specific states. This is something to consider before playing the online lottery. For more information on how to play the online lottery, read our article below.
Many people are interested in playing the lottery but aren’t sure what it is. The US lottery, for example, is big. There are hundreds of millions of dollars on offer. A small percentage of these winnings can be split between two or more players, and the jackpots can reach several million dollars. Online lotteries make it convenient to play and increase jackpots quickly. Online lottery sites make it easy to play the lotto, with secure ticket purchasing.
The most popular method of playing the online lottery is on a desktop computer. This allows players to immerse themselves in the game and minimize distractions. Most online lottery sites feature desktop-compatible interfaces. Once you’ve downloaded the software, you can play the lottery whenever and wherever you want. You can choose from several lottery systems depending on your preference. There are many benefits to playing the online lottery. You can play from the comfort of your own home, at work, or even on your mobile device.
Legality of Online Gambling is a hot topic for Americans these days. Although federal laws have made online gambling legal in the US, each state has its own regulations. These laws are designed to keep consumers safe while enjoying the fun and excitement of gambling online. Here are some facts about online gambling and their legality. A few states have even legalized it for American residents. But, even if you live in a state that does not have a gambling legalization law, you should still follow these tips to avoid getting into legal trouble.
Legitimate reviews will contain a list of the casino’s pros and cons. This information is vitally important to protect the player, and there are few legitimate reviews available. Most casinos only list the pro’s of a particular casino, and not the cons. However, you can still find plenty of websites that list only the positive aspects of a particular casino. Listed below are the pros and cons of each online casino. If you’re thinking about gambling, it’s important to consider your age and what you can afford to lose.
Legality of Online Gambling in America. In some states, gambling laws are already in place for land-based casinos. These casinos are often near state borders or on ships outside territorial waters. In the last few years, gambling activity has increased in Native American reservations. Nevertheless, online gambling is growing in popularity and could eventually bring gambling into your home. And, of course, it’s completely legal, but make sure you research the sites before you start playing.
Before you play at an Online Casino, it is best to know a few things. Online casinos are highly competitive, and bonuses can help you flip the house edge in your favor. There are numerous types of slots available, and some can be both fun and profitable. Progressive slots, a spin-off of traditional slots, have larger payouts and jackpots because of more play. If you want to play slots for real money, be sure to look for sites that offer free demo versions of the games.
When choosing an online casino, look for certifications of legitimacy. Make sure that the casino holds a license from Gibraltar or Curacao. You should also look for the seal of iTEch-Labs, which is only given to the most reputable online casinos. Furthermore, look for the website to have different payment methods and a well-developed game concept. Ultimately, security and reliability should be your primary concerns. Listed below are some tips to help you choose the best online casino for your needs.
The most popular games at Online Casinos are slots. They represent nearly 50% of all casino players worldwide. In fact, modern slots offer several exciting bonus game modes, free spins, and progressive jackpots. You’ll need a stable internet connection and a stable connection to enjoy the best gaming experience. There are also numerous types of Slot machines. Some offer bonus games, which allow players to win even more money. You can find a wide selection of slots at a top-rated online casino.
When playing online slots, one of the most important factors is the speed of your internet connection. If you’re playing in a tournament, your internet connection must be fast or you will face lagging. This can make it hard to click on the spin button quickly. Another important factor to consider is your bankroll. You don’t want to lose most of it just by playing for hours. If you want to play the best slots tournament, be sure to use all of your top bets, as you’ll have more chances to win.
There are several different types of online slots. The most common type of slot is the classic three-reel model. A player must match at least three symbols to win. There are different paylines for three-reel slots, and they can also include wild symbols. Different paylines may be horizontal, vertical, or diagonal. The number of winning combinations can reach a hundred. Some online slots also feature bonus features. You can even win a prize by placing a bet on multiple paylines.
If you’re new to online slots, you may be confused as to how to choose the right game. To help you choose the right slot, you must know its return-to-player (RTP). The RTP of a slot machine is usually a percentage of the bet amount, and must be less than 100% to make money for the casino. Most online slot games have an RTP of between ninety-five and ninety percent, although some have higher payouts.
Online Lottery is a way for you to play your favorite lotto games without leaving home. In the US, you can play Powerball, Mega Millions, and Megabucks. All of these games take place on Mondays and Wednesdays. Ticket sales close up to two hours before the drawing. To enter the draw, players choose five numbers from 1 to 69 and one number between one and 26. Online lottery sites store your payment information for future play.
You can join a syndicate by pooling money to purchase a large number of tickets. Then, the members of the syndicate divide their prize money. Some online lottery sites have made this process easier and offer you to join a finished syndicate. Syndicates are generally comprised of 100 or more players and they are divided into shares. When you join an online lottery, you can choose to participate in the finished syndicate or form your own.
While online lottery games have relatively high odds of winning, they are not the same as winning the lottery. For example, the odds of winning $2 on the Mega Millions are 1 in 37. For any other prize, the odds are 1 in 24. If you do win a prize, you can opt to purchase a scanned copy of your ticket. The Lotter will notify you when you’ve won. You may even opt to make a blind trust for your lottery prize to protect your privacy.
While the concept of online gambling may sound familiar to you, it is a new phenomenon. It only came into being about 20 years ago, but since then it has changed greatly. There are several risks associated with online gambling, including identity theft, losing money, and damaging your device. Fortunately, there are some precautions you can take to avoid any unwanted consequences. Here are some of these risks. Read on to learn how to protect yourself from them!
First, make sure you find a site that provides help. Gambling addiction can be hard to resist, and it varies from person to person. While some gamblers stay addicted to gambling for a relatively short period of time, others become emotionally and financially depressed after a while. These individuals find it increasingly difficult to fulfill their social obligations and carry out daily activities. Online gambling websites often do not offer the proper support for their gamblers.
Second, accepting advertisements for online gambling is illegal. The government is targeting mid to large publishers and has imposed fines on Google and Microsoft for accepting online gambling ads. It also prohibits banks and financial institutions from processing online gambling transactions. Online gambling advertisements on media sites are a hazard to consumers. Moreover, they can make you a victim of identity theft. This is why you should avoid accepting advertisements for online gambling and try to stay within the legal boundaries.
If you want to enjoy the benefits of playing at an Online Casino, you must know a few things first. It should be easy for you to register an account with the online casino and the process should be quick and problem-free. Also, you should check the bonus and payment options provided. You should also look for a good game mix, including top-quality games from renowned manufacturers. The above-mentioned features are crucial in a casino, but there are a few more things to consider.
Payout delays are a common complaint among online casino players. This is because shady online casinos delay the payouts with various excuses. One common scam involves the submission of documentation to verify your identity. After submitting the documentation, the online casino is supposed to review it. However, it takes several days to respond to the documentation, claiming the scan is not clear enough. You are likely to encounter the same scam when you play at an online casino that does not look legitimate.
A good online casino will have plenty of options to suit your needs. Most online casinos feature an array of games in different categories. Some even offer free demos of their games to allow customers to try out the different options. Once you feel confident enough to make a decision, you can play for real money. And, of course, there are many options for depositing money at an Online Casino. And, it doesn’t hurt to try a few out before making a final decision.
The paytable is an important aspect of any Online Slot game, and knowing how to interpret it will improve your chances of winning. In addition to paylines, pay tables also contain information about bonus features, wild symbols, and the Return-to-Player (RTP) rate of the game. Once you understand these elements, you can choose the best slot game for you. If you’re unsure, consider visiting the website of the developer of the game to see its paytable.
Prizes in Online Slot tournaments vary. Some prizes are cash and can be withdrawn immediately. Non-cash rewards may require wagering requirements. Prize pools are made up of admission fees paid by players. A percentage of the total is set aside as the prize pool and shared by the top ten players. If you win enough of these tournaments, you’ll receive a cash prize or a share of the prize money. Online Slot Tournaments also give players the opportunity to win huge amounts of money.
In order to win money, you must select a game that is both exciting and affordable. Online Slots can be thrilling and nerve-wracking. Choose the game that best suits your budget. In addition to paying for the game, you can play from anywhere, anytime. There are many types of online slot games, so you’ll need to make a decision based on your own personal preferences. Just remember to choose your game carefully, and always follow the rules and regulations of the jurisdiction where you live.
If you’re interested in playing the online lottery, there are a few things you should keep in mind. Legitimate lottery sites are completely secure, and they don’t bombard their site with ads. They also take a percentage of your winnings. Legitimate lottery sites use security measures such as SSL encryption to ensure the safety of daily transactions. They also feature trust logos, which mean you can be confident that they are genuine.
Lottoland is a new lottery site that was launched in 2013. Since then, it has quickly established itself as one of the best lottery sites. In 2018, Lottoland players won over EUR90 million, and they’ve topped that amount in the past few years. This site guarantees fast payouts. It operates on a different system from many similar lottery sites, with users placing bets on the outcome of each session, and offers Special Jackpot boosts and other promotions to entice you to play.
Once you’ve decided to join an online lottery website, you’ll need to create an account. Choose the lottery game you’d like to play. Some games have random drawings or require you to manually select the numbers. Others are based on a system where you subscribe to a certain number of draws. In order to play the online lottery, you’ll need a valid email address. You’ll also want to know if you’re eligible to receive payments from the lottery.
There are thousands of sites that allow you to gamble online. Many sites offer bonuses to entice players. Some require you to download software, which then runs through a program on the gambling site. Others let you play games immediately at the site. Some sites have high-tech software that allows players to gamble in virtual reality, while others let them chat online. All of these features make online gambling an interactive and fun activity. But be sure to find one that meets your gaming needs and budget.
Legitimate reviews will include a list of pros and cons. A few reviews will list the negative points of each casino, but most will simply highlight its positive aspects. This information will help you avoid getting scammed. While playing slots, online casinos will offer you an experience that will make you feel like you’re at a casino, not a betting site. By using a reputable site, you can feel confident that you’re playing at a reputable site.
Another country is taking the same approach. Several countries have passed legislation that limits the amount of online gambling that each country is allowed to offer. Some countries have banned online gambling entirely. Some states have enacted their own laws that allow online gambling. While the U.S. has been able to impose stricter laws, other countries continue to find ways to regulate online gambling. However, these new regulations will likely make it harder for foreign businesses to operate in the United States.
Whether you’re new to online gambling, or have been gambling for years, there are some things to remember when playing at an online casino. While bonuses can be great, you should be aware of the requirements and rules involved. You may not fully understand the terms and conditions of a bonus, and it could cost you money you never intended to spend. Read the terms and conditions to find out how to get the best value from your bonus. In this article, we’ll discuss some of the most common pitfalls and how to avoid them.
First, choose a game that suits your budget. Some games are more affordable than others, and you can often play them at home for less money. Some games are better suited to a small budget, like Baccarat, because they are fast and easy to play. Baccarat is another game that is surprisingly affordable, and it is popular among budget players and deep pockets alike. Baccarat can be found in almost any online casino, and offers great value for money.
You can also play traditional casino games online. Slot machines, for instance, are incredibly popular because they’re available on so many devices. They’re easy to learn, but difficult to master. Plus, because the odds are always changing, you can’t execute a strategy and leave the results to chance. Another way to enjoy online slots is to play live games. In these games, real dealers interact with players and offer real time streaming. Whether you’re playing from your couch or on a plane, live streamed games at an online casino will make the experience even more exciting.
So, you have decided to try your luck at an Online Slot. What’s next? You’ve probably been looking for a way to win big without losing all your money. But you’re unsure which type of online slot is right for you? Let us help you out by offering some tips and advice. Here are a few things to keep in mind when playing an Online Slot:
While the popularity of online casinos continues to grow, the regulations governing online gambling have lagged. Some of these casinos operate without licensing or regulatory oversight, and some of these sites are unsafe places to place money. In addition, the appeal of online gambling may be too strong for many people to stop playing. Here are some of the important things to look for when looking for a casino. In the meantime, here are some tips to make online gambling safe.
Online casinos accept many different forms of payment. The most popular ones include credit cards and debit cards. Just enter your card details and the amount that you’d like to deposit and the site will transfer the money into your account. Online gambling can be difficult to navigate, but here are some of the most common payment methods. There are also numerous deposit methods to choose from. To make things easier, most online casinos also offer free games that give better odds than real money.
To play at online casinos, you’ll need to be at least 21 years old and live within the state borders. Gambling sites can also collect information about your spending habits, demographic data, and other personal information, so make sure you check their terms and conditions. Also, check your country’s gambling laws before participating. Some countries make it illegal to gamble, and accessing an online casino could be considered a felony. Age requirements vary across different countries, so be sure to check with the gambling authorities before signing up for an account.
Online casinos allow gamblers to play their favorite games from the comfort of their home. OUSC is an excellent source of information on online casinos, covering everything from how to win real money to where to play and which games are best. The site’s interactive search tool helps players find the best US online casinos based on gaming preferences, payout speed, and banking methods. This is an important feature for gamblers to consider when selecting an online casino.
Blackjack is an excellent table game to play in any online casino. It is so popular that almost every online casino in the United States will feature a variety of versions of the game. Blackjack is easy to learn and adapts well to online play. Many online casinos offer multiple versions of the game, so players can find a game that suits their personal style. The game is a classic for a reason. The house edge is not high, and the game plays well on both mobile and online.
Bovada offers over 30 different table games, including video poker, card games, roulette, and baccarat. It also offers a 125% match for crypto deposits up to $1,000. In addition to its table games, Bovada also rewards loyal players with a VIP program. Members receive cashback for losses, and they unlock bigger rewards as they play. Whether you choose a traditional slot machine or the latest version, Bovada offers a great gaming experience!
When you play an Online Slot, you can read reviews about the different games to learn how to win more. By reading slot reviews, you can find out how to win the biggest jackpots and avoid the games that don’t pay well. You may be thinking that paytables only tell you the RTP and paylines. However, online slot reviews include information about the game’s variance, jackpot size, and bonus features. It is important to read these reviews to get the most out of your time.
The first step in winning an online slot tournament is to select the best slot. RTP, or return to player, refers to the percentage of your bet that the casino will earn. While all games have varying RTPs, you can expect to see some that have an RTP of 90 to 95%. Some online slots have as high as 98%. Therefore, it is important to check the RTP before placing your bets.
Another important step is to read the paytable of the game you’re playing. The paytable will tell you the symbols and details of the game. If the paytable contains a lot of bonuses, this could mean that the slot machine is volatile and might not pay out as expected. It is crucial to study the paytable before playing a slot to avoid this kind of situation. There are many other things you should look for in an Online Slot paytable.
You can also find online lotteries hosted by websites, in which case the website itself will draw the winning numbers and then distribute them to winners. While these websites do not offer the actual lottery game, most of them will use similar games and processes. Read on to learn more about online lottery websites. Some of these websites even have tutorials on how to play their games. But if you are not sure about playing online, don’t worry – there are many ways to play lotteries online.
To play online, all you need to do is sign up for a free account with the lottery website. Once you have done that, you can choose the game you want to play and how many draws you want to be involved in. You can also choose how many draws you want to participate in and whether or not you want to subscribe to multiple draws. Online lotteries are fast becoming an increasingly popular way to play lottery games. Those who have never played an online lottery will be pleasantly surprised at the number of options available to them.
Before getting started, remember that you must follow the laws in your state. Online lotteries can be difficult to find, but you can find many legal lottery websites. Some sites use geolocation technology to detect whether you’re playing from out of state. Moreover, the United States Department of Justice revised their opinion on the Wire Act, which clarified that it applies only to sports betting and cleared the way for state lottery regulation. Therefore, it is important to check your local laws before playing the online lotteries.
The prevalence of problem gambling and participation in online gambling have been identified. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, has included a new category called Internet Gaming Disorder. While the effects of gambling are not completely known, some research has found that online gambling is associated with higher risk for problem gambling. This study was conducted in the United Kingdom and is the result of the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010.
While the convenience of online gambling over travel to a casino is unmatched, it is also considerably more cost-effective. In addition to the convenience and cost savings, online gambling allows players to bet on their favorite sports teams and play slots from their smartphones. Despite the convenience and cost advantages, online gambling does have a few drawbacks, so players should review their local laws to ensure that their online gambling activity does not breach any laws or restrictions.
The US government has been slow to respond to the growth of online gambling. While gambling is legal under federal law, each state is free to regulate it and can even prohibit it within their borders. However, there are currently no laws requiring US banking institutions to process payments to offshore gambling sites. The best option, therefore, is to play responsibly. The legal framework for online gambling is constantly changing. There are numerous ways to play safely online, and online gambling can be a great way to socialize.
If you are considering playing at an Online Casino, then you are likely interested in a few different types of payment methods. For example, you can use PayPal, which is an eWallet that is accepted all over the Internet. Once you have set up your PayPal account, you can move money between it and your online casino account very easily. Other popular payment methods include online bank transfers. You should look for a regulated online casino, which has been audited by independent regulatory bodies. These bodies ensure that the casino’s game payouts are in line with the stated odds.
Slot machines are a common game in online casinos, as they can be accessed via multiple devices. These games are easy to play but difficult to master, because the odds are constantly changing and you cannot execute strategy. As such, you need to leave the results entirely to chance. Progressive slots are an offshoot of traditional slots. They tend to have higher jackpots and larger pay days. You can also choose between different slots, including video slots.
Some online casinos also offer games without a download. This is beneficial to newcomers to the industry. You can download and install the software for free, or you can play games for free. Most Internet casinos also offer free demos, which allow you to play as much as you want before making a real money deposit. Once you feel confident enough, you can play for real money. This way, you can test a site’s games before making a decision on whether to play there.
There are several types of online slots. Some are more traditional and have a single payline, while others offer more complex features. Regardless of the type of game you’re looking for, you can find an Online Slot that suits your preferences. Below are some tips that can help you choose the best game to play. This will help you win the jackpot! Weigh the benefits and drawbacks of playing an Online Slot before committing to it.
Check the bonus features and paytable. Many video slots have bonus features like wild symbols, scatter bonuses, re-spins, and bonus games. Some even feature jackpots or gamble/double-up options. Before starting the game, read the paytable and the rules overview so that you can make an informed decision. Also, pay attention to the autospin option to avoid making mistakes in the game. If you like the features on the slot, make sure you know how to trigger them.
Playing a free online slot will let you experience the variance of the game. If you can’t find a game that suits your preferences, check its free-play version first to gauge the variance. Try to find a game that has a low hit rate. A volatile slot can wipe out your bankroll in a matter of minutes. By playing free online slots, you can get an idea of how volatile a game is and whether it is worth your time.
If you want to win big, playing the Online Lottery may be for you. Unlike the conventional lottery, playing online requires little outlay of money, but you can get an enormous payout if you win the jackpot. In addition to saving time, buying your lottery ticket online also means that you don’t need to go anywhere to play. You can buy your lottery ticket from the comfort of your home and enjoy the excitement of winning the jackpot.
The United States is a relatively new market for online lotteries. Only seven states currently offer them. Federal legislation is pending that will clarify this area. As a result, laws are constantly changing. It is important to check for the most current information when buying tickets online. The best way to avoid buying tickets from unreliable websites is to find a reputable lottery retailer. Alternatively, you can check for the official website of the state lottery commission.
To play the Online Lottery, first sign up for an account with a lottery site. Once you’ve registered, you’ll be presented with a large selection of lotteries, including Mega Millions, Powerball, and Euromillions. You’ll then select your lucky numbers and see if you win! The whole process takes no more than a few minutes. However, if you’re new to online lottery gaming, you should check out tutorials and learn more about the rules and procedures.
While some countries restrict online gambling, others have made the practice legal or at least regulated. For instance, most of the European Union, the United States, and some Caribbean nations have legalized online gambling. To be legal in these markets, online gambling service providers must obtain licenses from governing authorities. Examples of such authorities include the United Kingdom Gambling Commission and the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board. But what exactly is online gambling? What are the laws that govern it?
The Internet is a convenient, easy-to-access place to gamble, and it’s easier to quit than offline gambling. Plus, the games are more accessible than ever. In addition, online casinos often offer free games with better odds than those at land-based casinos. However, online gambling has its risks. As with offline gambling, there are several things to consider when making your decision. Listed below are some important considerations to keep in mind when making the decision to engage in gambling.
While there are many different types of gambling, there are several common signs that indicate a problem. Individuals who gamble on the Internet may display risk-taking behaviors that are indicative of an unsustainable gambling habit. The constant availability of these activities may disrupt their sleeping habits. It is important to note that online gambling is not legal in all jurisdictions. For this reason, it is vital to know the laws surrounding online gambling before you start playing. It is essential to keep your gambling in moderation and to avoid falling victim to addiction.
When you first start playing online casino games, you may wonder if they are fair. After all, they don’t make the games themselves! Software companies make them and rent them to online casinos. The software providers are motivated to create reliable, fair games, and they must meet quality standards. So, online casinos can’t rig the games themselves, because they don’t own the game software. However, some games are unfair. To be safe, you should choose a reputable online casino and follow the rules of the casino.
A fair online casino uses random number generators (RNGs), which are mathematical algorithms that generate a random sequence of numbers. These random numbers are then randomly generated by the software. During the random number generation process, independent third-party testers audit the software and ensure that each conceivable number corresponds to a possible outcome. The RNGs of online slots are tested as often as once a month by independent third-party auditors, and some online casinos publicly post their results online.
While there isn’t a set rule for every online casino, it is best to subscribe to their newsletters and update services. These will keep you informed about new games and promotions. You can also sign up for newsletters to get alerts on new deposit methods or the latest promotions. But be careful, because these newsletters may contain unwanted messages. A good online casino will only send you important information that’s relevant to you. If you decide to sign up for a newsletter, make sure you read the details carefully.
A variety of themes is available when you play Online Slot. A branded slot may feature actual footage of its source material. There are different types of Bonus Rounds, each with different features. You can play these Slots for fun or for real money. Online Slots offer the opportunity to win big money without putting down a lot of money. Here’s a breakdown of the different types of Online Slot. Read on for tips and tricks on how to win big with Online Slots.
While traditional slots are primarily played by men, online slots have more female players than any other type of gambling game. These online games are particularly popular among younger players, who love the flexibility of not having to learn complicated rules or strategies. Younger players also enjoy playing slots online because they don’t have to worry about hitting a save point every few minutes. Slots are also easy to play when you need to kill some time during your lunch break or commute.
To win, you need to land three matching symbols in a row on an active payline. You also have to collect scatter symbols. Collecting scatter symbols will trigger bonus rounds. Free spins are also possible, and the more you collect, the higher your chances of winning. Lastly, all slots have wild symbols that substitute for other symbols. They can give you huge payouts. So, you should not miss out on this chance to win big.
You can play online lotteries anytime and anywhere in the world. There are several ways of playing, including paying with a credit or debit card. Some lotteries even accept PayPal payments. All online lotteries are safe, as the information and data you provide are secure. You can even contact their customer support team if you have any questions. Whether you want to play for fun or win big, there is a website for you.
Although the history of the United States with online lotteries is relatively new, there are currently seven states that offer the service. Once federal legislation is clarified, states will make their decisions about this new form of gambling. For now, the lottery industry is in its infancy. However, you can be sure that the future of online lottery gaming will be bright. Just keep in mind that many states have legal issues surrounding gambling. Fortunately, it’s not that difficult to play online.
If you are unsure if you can play online, the Department of Justice’s website may be a good place to start. However, if you are looking for the most convenient way to buy tickets, consider online lottery sites. Some of the online lottery sites offer multiple payment methods. For example, you can choose to pay by credit card. This option will save you money while allowing you to buy multiple tickets with one account. You can also play in the scratch card games.
There is no question that the Internet is a growing industry. According to a recent research by Research & Markets, the online gambling industry will be worth $92.9 billion by 2023, with a compound annual growth rate of 11.6%. With so many new players, regulations are likely to be necessary. However, in the meantime, rogue operators are still operating. The good news is that the laws governing online gambling are being formulated.
The problem with online gambling is that it is hard to resist. Different types of gamblers are highly addicted to the game, and some lose interest after a while. Other gamblers may get emotionally and financially depressed, unable to perform basic tasks or meet social responsibilities. This can cause a serious problem for people who cannot afford to stop gambling and may need help to deal with it. Unfortunately, most online gambling sites are not equipped to provide help for those who develop a gambling addiction.
While online casinos are extremely popular, consumer protection laws have lagged behind the expansion of the industry. Many online casinos operate without the necessary licenses and regulation, making them a dangerous place to stake money. However, the benefits of online gambling are so compelling that many people are willing to give it a try. The key is to do your research to make sure you find a safe and reliable place to play. It is crucial to choose an online casino that is licensed by the gambling regulators in your jurisdiction.